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Mqtt On Wio Terminal

About the project

MQTT Pub/Sub on Wio Terminal.

Project info

Difficulty: Easy

Estimated time: 1 hour

License: GNU General Public License, version 3 or later (GPL3+)

Items used in this project

Hardware components

Seeed Wio terminal Seeed Wio terminal https://www.seeedstudio.com/Wio-Terminal-p-4509.html x 1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE Arduino IDE
MQTT MQTT

Story

TL;DR: We are going to look at the MQTT Protocol on the Seeed Wio Terminal, Publish and Subscribe Topic over the MQTTon the Wio Terminal, and I'll show how to transfer data between Wio terminal and Mobile Phone or any device* using MQTT.

MQTT on Wio Terminal

Let's Start

Introduction to MQTT

MQTT is an OASIS standard messaging protocol for the Internet of Things (IoT). It is designed as an extremely lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport that is ideal for connecting remote devices with a small code footprint and minimal network bandwidth.

MQTT today is used in a wide variety of industries, such as automotive, manufacturing, telecommunications, oil and gas, etc.

The protocol was invented in 1999 by Andy Stanford-Clark (IBM) and Arlen Nipper (Arcom, now Cirrus Link). They needed a protocol for minimal battery loss and minimal bandwidth to connect with oil pipelines via satellite. The “MQ” refers to the MQ Series, a product IBM developed to support MQ telemetry transport. When Andy and Arlen created their protocol in 1999, they named it after the IBM product.

Why MQTT?

  • Lightweight and Efficient
  • Bi-directional Communications
  • Scale to Millions of Things
  • Reliable Message Delivery
  • Support for Unreliable Networks
  • Security Enabled

The publish/subscribe pattern

The publish/subscribe pattern (also known as pub/sub) provides an alternative to a traditional client-server architecture. In the client-server model, a client communicates directly with an endpoint.

MQTT Publish / Subscribe Architecture(📷 mqtt.org)

MQTT Publish / Subscribe Architecture(📷  mqtt.org)

MQTT Publish / Subscribe Architecture(📷 mqtt.org)

Seeed Wio Terminal

The Wio Terminal based ATSAMD51-based microcontroller with wireless connectivity supported by Realtek RTL8720DN and is equipped with a 2.4” LCD Screen, onboard IMU(LIS3DHTR), Microphone, Buzzer, microSD card slot, Light sensor, and Infrared Emitter(IR 940nm). Realtek RTL8720DN chip supports both Bluetooth and Wi-Fi providing the backbone for IoT projects.

Wio Terminal (📷 SeeedStudio.com)

Wio Terminal (📷 SeeedStudio.com)

Wio Terminal (📷 SeeedStudio.com)

Key Features

  • Powerful MCU: Microchip ATSAMD51P19 with ARM Cortex-M4F core running at 120MHz
  • Reliable Wireless Connectivity: Equipped with Realtek RTL8720DN, dual-band 2.4Ghz / 5Ghz Wi-Fi
  • Highly Integrated Design: 2.4” LCD Screen, IMU and more practical add-ons housed in a compact enclosure with built-in magnets & mounting holes
  • Raspberry Pi 40-pin Compatible GPIO
  • Compatible with over 300 plug&play Grove modules to explore with IoT
  • USB OTG Support
  • Support Arduino, CircuitPython, Micropython, ArduPy(What is ArduPy?), AT Firmware, Visual Studio Code
  • TELEC certificated

Wio Terminal

For more information go to https://www.seeedstudio.com/Wio-Terminal-p-4509.html.

Setup Wio Terminal

For Setup, you can follow this wonderful guide provide by SeeedStudio. Get Started with Wio Terminal, anyway I'll go through quickly.

Step 1: Download and Install the Arduino IDE: We are using Arduino IDE to programme the Wio Terminal, so we need to install it on our computer first. Click here to download Arduino IDE

Step 2: Install Wio Terminal: Arduino IDE comes with official boards loaded from the Arduinio.cc so In order to program Wio Terminal we need to install the Wio Terminal Board packages and definition on the Arduino IDE.

2.2: Add Additional Boards Manager URL: For that Open your Arduino IDE, click on File > Preferences, and copy below URL to Additional Boards Manager URLs

https://files.seeedstudio.com/arduino/package_seeeduino_boards_index.json

Additional Boards Manager URL

Additional Boards Manager URL

Additional Boards Manager URL

Note: If you have more additional boards manager URL's like me, make it separate with commas.

2.3: Install Wio Terminal Board Manager: For that Click on Tools > Board > Board Manager and Search Wio Terminal in the Boards Manager.

Installing Wio Terminal Board Manager

Installing Wio Terminal Board Manager

Installing Wio Terminal Board Manager

2.4: Select your board and port: For that, you'll need to select the entry in the Tools > Board menu that corresponds to your Arduino. Selecting the Wio Terminal.

Select the serial device of the Wio Terminal board from the Tools -> Port menu. This is likely to be COM3 or higher (COM1 and COM2 are usually reserved for hardware serial ports). To find out, you can disconnect your Wio Terminal board and re-open the menu; the entry that disappears should be the Arduino board. Reconnect the board and select that serial port.

Setup Arduino MQTT Client

We are using pubsubclient library by knolleary, it's a simple publish/subscribe messaging with a server that supports MQTT.The library comes with a number of example sketches.

Step 3: Install PubSubClient Library on Arduino IDE: Open the library manager from Sketch -> Include Library -> Manage Library. (make sure that you have internet connection on your computer)

Open the library manager

Open the library manager

Open the library manager

3.1: Search for the "PubSub" in the Library manager from the result select PubSubClient by Nick O'Leary's library

PubSubClient lib

PubSubClient lib

PubSubClient lib

Click install, That's all.

HIVE MQ Public MQTT Broker.

You can install the broker on your computer or the servers, right now we are using Free MQTT Broker provide by the HIVE MQ. Public HiveMQ MQTT broker is open for anyone to use.You can use any MQTT client or library to publish to the broker.

HIVE MQ Public MQTT Broker

HIVE  MQ Public MQTT Broker

HIVE MQ Public MQTT Broker

Testing and usage is for free but please do not use it for sensitive information because everybody is allowed to subscribe to every topic, including wildcard. Feel free to play with MQTT and the HiveMQ broker. Please consider to add a reconnect logic to your client because we may update the underlaying HiveMQ instance at any time, so HIVEMQ cannot promise 100% uptime. more info : http://www.mqtt-dashboard.com

MQTT Hello World

We successfully installed the Wio Terminal and the PubSubClient Lib, next we try to run a First MQTT Programme.

In the hello world example program, we are going demonstrate MQTT Subscribe and MQTT Publish on WIO Terminal.

Arduino Sketch

/*
   MQTT Exmple for SeeedStudio Wio Terminal
   Author: Salman Faris
   Date: 31/07/2020
   Last Updates: 02/08/2020

   MQTT Broker broker.mqtt-dashboard.com
   Subscribe Topic Name: WTIn
   Publish Topic Name: WTout
  - publishes "hello world" to the topic "WTout"
  - subscribes to the topic "WTin", printing out any messages

*/


#include <AtWiFi.h>
#include"TFT_eSPI.h"
#include <PubSubClient.h>


// Update these with values suitable for your network.
const char* ssid = "***"; // WiFi Name
const char* password = "***";  // WiFi Password
const char* mqtt_server = "broker.mqtt-dashboard.com";  // MQTT Broker URL

TFT_eSPI tft;

WiFiClient wioClient;
PubSubClient client(wioClient);
long lastMsg = 0;
char msg[50];
int value = 0;


void setup_wifi() {

  delay(10);

  tft.setTextSize(2);
  tft.setCursor((320 - tft.textWidth("Connecting to Wi-Fi..")) / 2, 120);
  tft.print("Connecting to Wi-Fi..");

  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password); // Connecting WiFi

  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }

  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");

  tft.fillScreen(TFT_BLACK);
  tft.setCursor((320 - tft.textWidth("Connected!")) / 2, 120);
  tft.print("Connected!");

  Serial.println("IP address: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP()); // Display Local IP Address
}

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
  //tft.fillScreen(TFT_BLACK);
  Serial.print("Message arrived [");
  Serial.print(topic);
  Serial.print("] ");
  char buff_p[length];
  for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    Serial.print((char)payload[i]);
    buff_p[i] = (char)payload[i];
  }
  Serial.println();
  buff_p[length] = '

Schematics and circuit diagrams

MQTT

Wio Terminal I/O Ports

Code

Wio-Terminal-MQTT

WioTerminal-MQTT-Example.ino

Credits

Photo of salmanfarisvp

salmanfarisvp

Maker | Hardware Hacker | Electronics Enthusiast

   

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