Pushing Data To Google Docs

About the project

Make your hardware push data to a Google spreadsheet.

Project info

Difficulty: Easy

Platforms: ArduinoBluzGoogleParticleRaspberry Pi

Estimated time: 1 hour

License: MIT license (MIT)

Items used in this project

Hardware components

Genuino Uno Rev3 Genuino Uno Rev3 x 1
Breakout Kit for Raspberry Pi Model A+&B+&2 Breakout Kit for Raspberry Pi Model A+&B+&2 x 1
Particle Photon Particle Photon x 1

Software apps and online services

Google Sheets Google Sheets


In this article I will explain how your hardware can push data into a Google spreadsheet.

Push Versus Poll

In the poll mechanism, as described in my previous article, the Google spreadsheet runs a script that sends a request to fetch data from our hardware at a regular interval.

You can use the poll mechanism when your hardware is online all the time, for instance to capture sensor data that changes slowly over time (example: the temperature of your pool).

In the push mechanism, described in the current article, your hardware sends a request with data to a Google server running a script that will, in turn, store that data received in a Google spreadsheet.

The push mechanism is ideal when your hardware might be sleeping from time to time (hence not reachable), to capture a specific event (example: your garage door is opening) or to store a log of what your hardware is doing.

Note: I used a Particle Photon in this project, but I think the mechanism can be helpful with other hardware in general, like Arduinos and Raspberry Pies.


Like PopQuiz explained nicely in this post, here's what you will need to make:

  • A Google Sheet with labels at the top of each column where your data will go.
  • A Google Java script which controls the behavior of the Sheet. The tutorial links to a page which shows how to do this. The script will be deployed as a web app which gets hit by your webhook.
  • Particle firmware which publishes JSON strings like this:{variable name : valueother variable: value2}
  • A webhook which hits your Google Web App, is web form type, with query parameters like this:{GoogleSheetLabel1: {{variable name}}GoogleSheetLabel2: {{other variable}}}

Setup the Google Docs Side

Please follow the instructions on this site. In particular, follow ONLY these two sections:

  • "The sheet"
  • "The script"

Setup your Hardware to Push Data - General Case

Note: if you have a Particle hardware please skip this section.

You need to use an http library that allows your hardware to send the following http POST request:

Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 71
Accept: */*
Origin: null
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.75 Safari/537.36
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en,en-US;q=0.8,en-CA;q=0.6,es-419;q=0.4,es;q=0.2,fr-CA;q=0.2,fr;q=0.2

That is what the ajax call in the demo page of the tutorial I mentioned earlier is sending to the Google servers (don't worry, it's encrypted over HTTPS).

What I think matters is that the POST request contains this:

  • a header with content-type application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
  • a body containing the data to store in the Google spreadsheet in this particular format: name=name123&


Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8

NOTE: the %40 that you see in the email parameter is the @ sign url encoded, If I'm not mistaken.

Setup your Hardware to Push Data - Particle's Case

In the case you are using a Particle, you will need two things:

  • configure a webhook
  • code a publish command in your firmware to trigger that webhook with the wanted information

How this works:

Sensor data pushed to a Google Spreadsheet

STEP 2: the firmware

Then in your firmware, add a line like this one:

String tempMessage = "Your garage door is opening";
Particle.publish("googleDocs", "{"my-name":"" + tempMessage + ""}", 60, PRIVATE);

Note: I'm using a dynamic custom field feature on webhooks that I learned in this discussion. You can read a bit more in this tutorial (search for mustache since the link seems not to work perfectly).

STEP 3: verify the console logs

Every time your hardware triggers the webhook you should see something like this in your Particle console logs:

The webhook getting triggered


Here you can see how my hardware is filling up my Google spreadsheet:

My hardware is pushing data in Google Docs


Photo of gusgonnet


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